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Create a Transparent Image with Adobe Photoshop®

All Axialis Software products support images with Alpha Channel transparency. PNG, BMP and PSD file format actually support alpha channel. If you want to create a nice icon (using Axialis IconWorkshop™) or a screensaver with smooth sprites (using Axialis Professional Screen Saver Producer) we recommend you to use images with Alpha channel.

Alpha channels are masks through which you can display images. The alpha channel is an 8-bit channel, which means it has 256 levels of gray from 0 (black) to 255 (white). White acts as the visible area; black acts as the transparent area (you see the background behind the image when displayed). The level of gray in between determines the level of visibility. For example, 50 percent gray allows for 50 percent visibility. Alpha channels are usually used with 16.8M color RGB images. The resulting image is called RGBA (RGB+A, A means alpha channel).

In the illustration below you see how the alpha channel is applied to the original image to remove (visually) the orange gradient background. The result produces a 32 BPP (Bit Per Pixel) transparent image. The grey checkboard-like pattern shows the transparency of the image.

We'll learn how to create a transparent image with Alpha Channel from a standard image. Photoshop® contains powerful Alpha Channel manipulation features. We'll see here one of the simplest way to proceed: Extrude a part of the image and remove the existing background. Advanced techniques also exist to work with alpha channel. See Photoshop help to read more.

Create a Transparent Image using Adobe Photoshop®

1. Open your image in Photoshop® (we use version 7.0 in this tutorial). Select File/Open... Choose your file and click Open. The file open in a separate document window. You can download the original image we use in this tutorial here: logo.bmp (right-click and choose Save Target As).

2. If the file is not in RGB format (16.8 M colors), convert it: Choose Image/Mode/RGB Color.

3. Now select the background area of the image (the area you wish to remove). If the image background has a solid color (white in our example), select the Magic Wand Tool (W) or click in the toolbox. Be sure to specify Tolerance=10, Anti-aliased and Contiguous in the selection options (dialog box on top, under the menu). You may need to adjust the tolerance value (it depends on your image). When done, click in the background area of the image ():

4. A selection dashed-line appears around the logo and around the square border of the image. It means that the background is selected (not the logo). If the background is not made of a solid color, you can select it by using the Polygonal Lasso Tool (L) or click . It's a bit more difficult but that's the only way to proceed.

5. Now, we'll select the logo only. To do so, choose Select/Inverse (Shft+Ctrl+I). It's almost unchanged but the dashed-line around the square border of the image has disappeared.

6. Choose Edit/Copy (Ctrl+C), then Edit/Paste (Ctrl+V) to create a new layer with the "extruded" logo in it. The "layers" list has been updated (see below). The new layer, which is selected, appears at the top of the list (). The original image is present in the background (). Now, we'll hide the original image by clicking on the "eye" button of the background layer (). If you want, you can also delete it by drag-and-drop it on the trash (at the right-bottom corner of the list).

 

5. The image document now looks like shown below. The background area (which was white) has disappeared. Now you see a gray-checkboard-like texture around the logo () indicating that this area is in fact transparent.

6. We recommend to save the image to another file to keep the original one intact. Select "File/Save As...". In Format box, select "PNG" (our favorite format). Please note that BMP and PSD formats also support 32 BPP / Alpha Channel. Click Save. Select Interlace: "None", click OK.

7. You're done, the transparent version of your image is created. You can download the image we've created in this tutorial here: logo-ps.png (right-click and choose Save Target As).

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